Easily identifiable by their leopard spot-like markings on the body and large sail-like dorsal fin, leopard plecos are typically found in shoals in the rivers of the Amazon
Coloration is dark brown with yellow spots
Body is elongated and covered in bony plates known as armor clad scales, except for their belly
Head is large and eyes are small and set high on the head
Like other catfish, the mouth is located on the bottom of the head, allowing the fish to easily graze on algae along the river bottom.
Leopard plecos are presumed to create burrows in mud banks in which they lay their eggs.
These nocturnal fish are highly active at the beginning of the evening, where they feed on algae, detritus, in benthic invertebrates. They actively consume these together with wood from submerged trees, which is required for their digestive process.
The leopard pleco population has not been evaluated by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). As a result, the current status of the population is unknown.
20 inches (50 centimeters)
Algae, detritus, and benthic invertebrates
Middle and upper Amazon and Orinoco basins in South America